Testing of dogs: MTM1 in Rottweilers

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Usual turnaround time: 10 business days
1 test price: 56.00 $ without VAT

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Myotubular myopathy 1 in Rottweilers

Myotubular myopathy is a rare inherited muscle disease that manifests with progressive muscle atrophy that begins to develop shortly after birth. The first symptoms are hypotonia and weakness accompanied by breathing difficulties. Affected individuals have difficulty eating and do not thrive. The gait is slow, staggering, with short steps.

In Rottweilers, the disease is caused by a missense mutation c.1151A>C in the MTM1 gene, which encodes myotubularin. The mutation leads to impaired muscle growth and muscle fibre differentiation.

The mutation is X-linked. This means that it is localized on the X chromosome. Since the genotype of males is composed of X and Y chromosomes, they can only be healthy (unaffected by the mutation) or affected. The female genotype contains two X chromosomes, so females can be either healthy, carriers or affected. Female carriers do not show clinical signs but are able to pass the mutated allele to their offspring. Breeding of carrier females is not recommended. A genetic test can clearly reveal the genotype of the animal and is a useful tool for breeders to prevent unintentional breeding of affected puppies.

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Reference:

Shelton, G.D., Rider, B.E., Child, G., Tzannes, S., Guo, L.T., Moghadaszadeh, B., Troiano, E.C., Haase, B., Wade, C.M., Beggs, A.H. : X-linked myotubular myopathy in Rottweiler dogs is caused by a missense mutation in Exon 11 of the MTM1 gene. Skelet Muscle 5:1, 2015. Pubmed reference: 25664165

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Usual turnaround time: 10 business days
1 test price: 56.00 $ without VAT